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PAIA, 2000 (Act 2 of 2000) 

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Environmental health Print E-mail
14 March 2007



THE Environmental Health sub-directorate is headed by Peter Manganye and is responsible for all municipal health services as defined in theNational Health Act, No 61 of 2003. These include complaints investigation, compliance monitoring, law enforcement activities andhealth promotion and training.

It also gives advice on legal requirements in the following areas:

  • Food control - this relates to regulatory enforcement, providing consumer protection in ensuring food is handled hygienically. This includes issuing certificates of acceptability, inspection of food premises, examination, sampling and analysis of foodstuffs and compliance monitoring in terms of national legislation.

Click here to link to the national Department of Health and the Gauteng provincial department of health websites for further information on environmental health related matters.

Click here to link to the national Department of Health's legislation on food.

Click here to link to the World Health Organisation's website for further information on food and other environmental health food-related matters.

  • Health surveillance - this concerns the identification, monitoring and evaluation of health risks and hazards, and instituting remedial and preventive measures.
  • Vector control - this entails the monitoring, identification, evaluation and prevention of vector-related matters. It includes identifying vectors, rodents, pests and insects, their habitats and breeding places and instituting remedial and preventive measures.
  • Surveillance and prevention of communicable diseases - this entails investigating all food- and water-related outbreaks of disease and health and hygiene promotion of all environmentally induced diseases. It does not include immunisation.
  • Water quality management - this entails monitoring and sampling to ensure safe drinking and recreational water.
  • Waste management - this refers to monitoring waste storage on site and the safe disposal thereof, and includes medical and hazardous waste.
Click here to link to the City council's waste management by-laws.
  • Environmental pollution control - this refers to air, noise, water and land pollution control and related matters.

Click here to link to the City council's public health by-laws, waste management by-laws, water services by-laws , street trading by-laws and other by-laws for information on the requirements and provisions to regulate, prevent and remedy pollution-related issues.

  • Disposal of the dead - this refers to regulatory interventions to ensure compliance by funeral undertakers and mortuaries, as well as the safe disposal of the dead at burial sites.
  • Chemical safety - this refers to ensuring safe practices with regards to all chemicals other than those listed in the Hazardous Substances Act or the Occupational Health and Safety Act, which are the responsibility of the provincial health department and the Department of Labour, respectively.

The sub-directorate is also responsible for ensuring that all policies, by-laws and legislation are implemented uniformly in all the regions.

In addition, it monitors compliance with the City's and national targets. Another key function is the monitoring and evaluation of programmes and projects that it carries out.

Key challenges

  • Reducing the fumes emitted by vehicles in Johannesburg;
  • Developing an effective mechanism for monitoring smoking in public places;
  • Providing services to an increasing number of residents because of urbanisation and natural population growth;
  • Developing an environmental health strategy around the 2010 FIFA Soccer World Cup to ensure the provision of safe food, safe accommodation, a clean environment and venues complying with health standards.


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Last Updated on 13 July 2015