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​​Facts about Joburg​
​Johannesburg has become an internationally renowned and vibrant metropolis, with over 4 million inhabitants.
  • It is the most powerful commercial centre on the African continent.
  • Johannesburg generates 16 percent of South Africa's GDP and employs 12 percent of the national workforce.
  • Its infrastructure matches leading first world cities, yet the cost of living is far lower.
  • The city is recognized as the financial capital of South Africa and is home to 74 percent of Corporate Headquarters.
  • South Africa’s only stock exchange, the Johannesburg Securities Exchange (JSE) rates as one of the top 20 exchanges in the world in terms of market capitalisation.
  • The city’s profusion of trees – approximately 6 million, make it the largest, man-made forest in the world.
  • Climate – temperature neither humid nor too hot for comfort, year-round sunshine and daily
  • Clear blue skies. Winters are short and mild.
  • Medical care is first-world, sophisticated and dependable.
  • Johannesburg has become a destination of choice for business due to an outstanding reputation for quality and affordability.
  • After modest beginnings as a mining town, Johannesburg has become recognised as a major world city and the economic capital of both South and sub-Saharan Africa.
  • The greater Johannesburg metropolis covers an area of 2 300km2, making it larger than Sydney, London or New​ York, and similar in size to Los Angeles
  • Johannesburg is home to some 4.4 million (4,434,827) people, the majority of whom are aged between 19 and 39
  • The economy of Johannesburg today reflects successive​ waves of development and decline, which have seen the city move away from mining and industry towards an economy fundamentally based on services and trade, along with high-value manufacturing in line with global trends
Employment by sector

  • Financial and business services: 22 percent
  • Manufacturing: 20 percent
  • Trade: 19 percent
  • Community and social services: 18 percent
  • Construction: 8 percent
  • Transport and communications: 6 percent
  • Public administration: 5 percent
 
Johannesburg by numbers

  • Founded in 1886 – Johannesburg is one of the world’s youngest major cities
  • Within a century, the city has been rebuilt four times:  from a tented camp, it evolved into a town of tin shanties, followed by four-storey Edwardian brick buildings, before morphing into a city of modern skyscrapers
  • Johannesburg houses the tallest office block in Africa, the Carlton Centre (50 storeys) and the tallest tower, the Hillbrow Tower (270m, or 90 storeys)
  • Johannesburg is nicknamed 'Egoli', which means 'place of gold'. Forty percent of the world's gold has been found in the Witwatersrand, the reef on which the city was built
  • The altitude is 2 000m above sea level. Because Johannesburg's air is thinner than that at the coast, eggs take an extra minute to boil at this altitude
  • There are 10 million trees in Johannesburg
  • The city enjoys an average of 12 hours of sunlight a day
  • Forty percent of the population is under the age of 24
  • There are 180 000 streetlights
  • There are 1 780 traffic lights
  • There are 35 cemeteries, which cover 626ha
  • Johannesburg has 7 519km of roads
  • There are 550 buses, which operate on 80 routes and transport about 20-million passengers each year
  • There are 100 water towers and reservoirs
  • There are 8 000km of water pipes
  • There are 8 149km of sewerage pipes
  • The city has two active power stations, capable of generating 600mw (megawatts)
  • The average travel time for commuters is 72 minutes
  • ​There are 17 nature reserves in the city
  • There are 12 river systems that run throughout the city
  • An amazing 40% of the entire world's human ancestor fossils have been found in areas close to Johannesburg
  • Johannesburg has about 150 heritage sites, half of which are national monuments
  • Johannesburg houses the only two polar bears in Africa, at the Johannesburg Zoo
  • There are 63ha of bird sanctuaries in and around Johannesburg
  • There are 1 000ha of green space in and around Johannesburg. The Botanical Gardens in Emmarentia are 81ha
  • There are 106 dams
  • There are 394 public sports facilities
  • There are 98 public recreation centres
  • There are 59 public swimming pools
  • There are 126 community health clinics and 10 environmental health clinics
  • The city collects 1.8-million tons of garbage each year. Of this, 244 200 tons is in the form of illegal dumping, and 1 779 tons is litter from the streets
  • Ninety percent of the city's people have to walk less than 1km to access their modes of transport.